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Allergic rhinitis:

Allergic rhinitis, namely allergic rhinitis, refers to the nose that is mainly released by IgE-mediated mediators (mainly histamine) after exposure to allergens by atopic individuals and involved in a variety of immune-competent cells and cytokines.

Allergic rhinitis is a multifactorial disease induced by the interaction of genes and the environment. Risk factors for allergic rhinitis may exist in all age groups.

1. Genetic factors

Patients with allergic rhinitis have an atopic physique and usually show familial aggregation. Studies have found that certain genes are associated with allergic rhinitis.

2. Allergen exposure

Allergens are antigens that induce and react with specific IgE antibodies. They are mostly derived from animals, plants, insects, fungi, or occupational substances. Its ingredients are protein or glycoprotein, and very few are polysaccharides. Allergens are mainly divided into inhaled allergens and food allergens. Inhaled allergens are the main cause of allergic rhinitis.

Clinical manifestations

The typical symptoms of allergic rhinitis are mainly paroxysmal sneezing, watery nasal discharge, nasal congestion, and nasal itching. Some are accompanied by a decreased sense of smell.

1. sneeze

There are several paroxysmal seizures a day, with more than 3 seizures at a time, mostly in the morning or at night, or immediately after exposure to allergens.

2. Clear tears

A lot of watery noses, sometimes dripping from the nostril unconsciously.

3. Stuffed nose

Intermittent or continuous, unilateral or bilateral, with varying degrees of severity.

4. Itchy nose

Most patients have itching inside the nose, and patients with hay fever may be accompanied by itchy eyes, ears, and throat.

Traditional Chinese herbal medicine can be used for the internal treatment of this symptom. External treatments include acupuncture and massage.

References:

Jiang Feng. The relationship between allergic rhinitis and traditional Chinese medicine. "CNKI", 2008

Chen Liyi. Observation on the curative effect of acupoint application on allergic rhinitis for 3 consecutive years. "Journal of Clinical Acupuncture and Moxibustion", 1999

Fu Xueyuan. Treatment of 39 cases of allergic rhinitis with traditional Chinese medicine. "People's Military Doctor", 2004

Xue Fei, Li Zeqing, Jiang Manjie, Cheng You, etc. Epidemiological investigation and correlation analysis of bronchial asthma with allergic rhinitis. "2010 National Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Young and Middle-aged Academic Conference Paper Collection", 2010

Ge Yifang, Qiao Fengying. Treatment of 60 cases of allergic rhinitis by acupoint application in Dog days. 2008

过敏性鼻炎 過敏性鼻炎

过敏性鼻炎即变应性鼻炎,是指特应性个体接触变应原后,主要由
IgE介导的介质(主要是组胺)释放,并有多种免疫活性细胞和细胞因子等参与的鼻黏膜非感染性炎性疾病。






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