Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a kind of chronic bronchitis and/or emphysema with the characteristics of airflow obstruction, which can further develop into common chronic diseases such as pulmonary heart disease and respiratory failure.
It is generally believed that factors related to the occurrence of chronic bronchitis and obstructive pulmonary emphysema may be involved in the pathogenesis of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The risk factors that have been discovered can be roughly divided into two categories: external factors (ie environmental factors) and internal factors (ie individual susceptibility factors). External causes include smoking, dust and chemical inhalation, air pollution, respiratory infections, and people with lower socioeconomic status (may be related to indoor and outdoor air pollution, crowded rooms, poor nutrition, and other factors associated with lower socioeconomic status. Factors related). Intrinsic factors include genetic factors, increased airway responsiveness, individuals with poor lung development or growth due to various reasons during pregnancy, neonatal, infancy or childhood.
1. Stable treatment
Non-drug treatments can be used: smoking cessation, exercise or pulmonary rehabilitation training, influenza vaccination and pneumonia vaccination.
Such as physical therapy, high-pressure negative ion oxygen therapy, etc. are beneficial to the recovery of COPD patients' lung function.
3. Psychological adjustment
A good mood will help patients face the disease positively, increase compliance with treatment, and help establish good interpersonal relationships, which will be more conducive to the recovery of the disease.
4. Diet adjustment
Eat more fruits and vegetables, including meat, fish, eggs, milk, beans, and buckwheat. Talk less when eating, breathe hard and eat more slowly. If you are fat, you need to lose weight, and if you are thin, you need to strengthen your nutrition and eat fewer and more meals.
5. Long-term home oxygen therapy
In case of respiratory failure, long-term low-flow oxygen inhalation is recommended for more than 15 hours a day.
Existing drug treatment can reduce or eliminate patients' symptoms, improve activity endurance, reduce the number and severity of acute attacks to improve health. Inhalation therapy is the first choice. Educate patients to use various inhalers correctly, explain the purpose and effects of treatment to patients, and help patients persist in treatment.
Hao Weixin. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. "Chinese General Practice", 2004
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Group, Respiratory Diseases Branch of Chinese Medical Association. Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. "Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine", 2002
Liu Tao, Cai Baiqiang. Introduction to the Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (2011 Revised Edition)."CNKI; WanFang", 2012
Cai Baiqiang. Interpretation of the Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (2011 Revised Edition)."WanFang", 2012
Cai Baiqiang. Interpretation of the global strategy for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (part 1). "CNKI", 2012